Decoding of Walking Imagery and Idle State Using fNIRS

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: Brain-computer interface (BCI) based on functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is expected to provide an optional active rehabilitation training method for patients with walking dysfunction, which will affect their quality of life seriously. Sparse representation classification (SRC) oxyhemoglobin (HbO) concentration was used to decode walking imagery and idle state to construct fNIRS-BCI based on […]

Analysis of Gait Using Hybrid EEG-fNIRS BCI

Analysis of Human Gait Using Hybrid EEG-fNIRS-Based BCI System: A Review. Abstract Human gait is a complex activity that requires high coordination between the central nervous system, the limb, and the musculoskeletal system. More research is needed to understand the latter coordination’s complexity in designing better and more effective rehabilitation strategies for gait disorders. Electroencephalogram […]

tDCS with a motor-cognitive task

Combining transcranial direct current stimulation with a motor-cognitive task: the impact on dual-task walking costs in older adults. Abstract BACKGROUND: The performance of a secondary task while walking increases motor-cognitive interference and exacerbates fall risk in older adults. Previous studies have demonstrated that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) may improve certain types of dual-task performance, […]

Brain activity during real-time walking

Brain activity during real-time walking and with walking interventions after stroke: a systematic review. Abstract Investigations of real-time brain activations during walking have become increasingly important to aid in recovery of walking after a stroke. Individual brain activation patterns can be a valuable biomarker of neuroplasticity during the rehabilitation process and can result in improved […]

Dual-Task Stair Climbing with fNIRS

fnirs

Prefrontal Cortex Involvement during Dual-Task Stair Climbing in Healthy Older Adults: An fNIRS Study. Abstract Executive function and motor control deficits adversely affect gait performance with age, but the neural correlates underlying this interaction during stair climbing remains unclear. Twenty older adults (72.7 ± 6.9 years) completed single tasks: standing and responding to a response […]

tDCS on posture during standing voluntary

run rehab

Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation ( tDCS) on posture, movement planning, and execution during standing voluntary reach following stroke. Abstract BACKGROUND: Impaired movement preparation of both anticipatory postural adjustments and goal directed movement as shown by a marked reduction in the incidence of StartReact responses during a standing reaching task was reported in individuals […]

Gamma frequencies as Motor BioMarker

Gamma frequencies as a predictor for the accomplishment of a motor task guided through the action observation network. Abstract BACKGROUND: Action observation describes a concept where the subsequent motor behavior of an individual can be modulated though observing an action. This occurs through the activation of neurons in the action observation network, acting on a […]

Motor function areas during gait.

fNIRS

Research on blood oxygen activity in cerebral cortical motor function areas with adjustment intention during gait. Abstract BACKGROUND: The study of the neural mechanism of human gait control can provide a theoretical basis for the treatment of walking disorders or the improvement of rehabilitation strategies, and further promote the functional rehabilitation of patients with movement […]

Changes in Prefrontal Cortical Activity During Walking

fnirs

Changes in Prefrontal Cortical Activity During Walking and Cognitive Functions Among Patients With Parkinson’s Disease. Abstract Background: Walking becomes more and more degraded as Parkinson’s Disease (PD) progresses. Previous research examined factors contributing to this deterioration. Among them, changes in brain cortical activity during walking have been less studied in this clinical population. Objectives: This […]

Cognitive Workload During Dual-Task Walking

fNIRS

Measuring the Cognitive Workload During Dual-Task Walking in Young Adults: A Combination of Neurophysiological and Subjective Measures. Abstract Background: Walking while performing a secondary task (dual-task (DT) walking) increases cognitive workload in young adults. To date, few studies have used neurophysiological measures in combination to subjective measures to assess cognitive workload during a walking task. […]