Category: VNS

Neuromodulation in primary headaches

Neuromodulation in primary headaches: current evidence and integration into clinical practice. Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuromodulatory approaches add to our armamentarium of therapeutic tools for

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tVNS via tragus or cymba conchae

ABSTRACT Efforts in optimizing transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) are crucial to further develop its potential in improving cognitive and autonomic regulation. The present study

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Neuro-cardiac coupling predicts tVNS effects.

Neuro-cardiac coupling predicts transcutaneous auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation effects. Abstract BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation (taVNS) is a non-invasive neuromodulation technique that may constitute

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