Hemodynamic responses during standing and sitting activities: a study toward fNIRS-BCI.
In this paper, we utilized functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) technology to examine the hemodynamic responses in the motor cortex for two conditions, namely standing and sitting tasks. Nine subjects performed five trials of standing and sitting (SAS) tasks with both real movements and imagery thinking of SAS. A group level of statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analysis during these tasks showed bilateral activation of oxy-hemoglobin for both real movements and imagery experiments. Interestingly, the SPM analysis clearly revealed that the sitting tasks induced a higher oxy-hemoglobin level activation compared to the standing task. Remarkably, this finding is persistent across the 22 measured channels at the individual and group levels for both experiments. Furthermore, six features were extracted from pre-processed HbO signals and the performance of four different classifiers was examined in order to test the viability of using SAS tasks in future fNIRS-brain-computer interface (fNIRS-BCI) systems. In particular, two features-combination tests revealed that the signal slope with signal variance represents one of the three best two-combined features for its consistency in providing high accuracy results for both real and imagery experiments. This study shows the potential of implementing such tasks into the fNIRS-BCI system. In the future, the results of this work could pave the way towards the application of fNIRS-BCI in lower limb rehabilitation.
PMID: 33444236 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Biomed Phys Eng Express. 2020 Jul 13;6(5):055005
Authors: Almulla L, Al-Naib I, Althobaiti M