Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on posture, movement planning, and execution during standing voluntary reach following stroke.
BACKGROUND: Impaired movement preparation of both anticipatory postural adjustments and goal directed movement as shown by a marked reduction in the incidence of StartReact responses during a standing reaching task was reported in individuals with stroke. We tested how transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied over the region of premotor areas (PMAs) and primary motor area (M1) affect movement planning and preparation of a standing reaching task in individuals with stroke.
METHODS: Each subject performed two sessions of tDCS over the lesioned hemisphere on two different days: cathodal tDCS over PMAs and anodal tDCS over M1. Movement planning and preparation of anticipatory postural adjustment-reach sequence was examined by startReact responses elicited by a loud acoustic stimulus of 123 dB. Kinetic, kinematic, and electromyography data were recorded to characterize anticipatory postural adjustment-reach movement response.
RESULTS: Anodal tDCS over M1 led to significant increase of startReact responses incidence at loud acoustic stimulus time point – 500 ms. Increased trunk involvement during movement execution was found after anodal M1 stimulation compared to PMAs stimulation.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide novel evidence that impairments in movement planning and preparation as measured by startReact responses for a standing reaching task can be mitigated in individuals with stroke by the application of anodal tDCS over lesioned M1 but not cathodal tDCS over PMAs. This is the first study to show that stroke-related deficits in movement planning and preparation can be improved by application of anodal tDCS over lesioned M1. Trial registration ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT04308629, Registered 16 March 2020-Retrospectively registered, https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04308629.
PMID: 33413441 [PubMed – in process]
J Neuroeng Rehabil. 2021 Jan 07;18(1):5
Authors: Yang CL, Gad A, Creath RA, Magder L, Rogers MW, Waller SM