Depression of auditory cortex excitability by tACS

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Depression of auditory cortex excitability by transcranial alternating current stimulation.

Abstract
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) is a type of noninvasive brain stimulation technique that has been shown to modulate motor, cognitive and memory function. Direct electrophysiological evidence of an interaction between tACS and the auditory cortex excitability has rarely been reported. Different stimulation parameters and areas of tACS may have different influence on the regulatory results. In this study, 11-Hz tACS was applied to the auditory cortex of 12 subjects with normal hearing in order to explore its effects on the auditory steady-state response (ASSR). The results indicate that tACS has an inhibitory effect on 40-Hz ASSR. In addition, EEG source analysis shows that 11-Hz tACS may enhance the activity of the middle temporal gyrus under both sham and real conditions, while the estimated source activity of the posterior cingulate gyrus may be reduced under real condition. The results reveal that tACS applied to the temporal lobe of humans will make the 40-Hz ASSR a tendency to decrease, and help improve the understanding of modulation of tACS-induced auditory cortex excitability changes in humans.

PMID: 33359048 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Neurosci Lett. 2020 Dec 20;742:135559

Authors: Wang Y, Dong G, Shi L, Yang T, Chen R, Wang H, Han G

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