Effect of tVNS on hyperglycemia in rats

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Effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation on hyperglycemia and insulin receptors expression in impaired glucose tolerance rats].

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on blood glucose regulation and the expression of insulin receptors (INR) of hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) rats, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of IGT.
METHODS: Thirty-six male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, model, transcutaneous auricular none-vagus nerve stimulation (tnVNS), and taVNS groups (n=9 in each group). The IGT model was established by feeding the rats with high-fat and high-sugar diet for 5 weeks, and subsequent intraperitoneal injection of a dose of streptozotocin (20 mg/kg). Transcutaneous electrostimulation (2 mA, 2 Hz/15 Hz) was applied to auricular concha (taVNS) or auricular margin (tnVNS), respectively. The treatment was conducted for 30 min once daily for 4 weeks. The body weight, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2 h plasma glucose (2 h PG) were recorded every week. The contents of plasma insulin (INS), glucagon (GC), glycosylated hemoglobin (GHbA1c) were detected by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression levels of INR in hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were detected by Western blot.
RESULTS: After modeling, the rats’ body weight, the contents of FPG, 2 h PG, GC and GHbA1c were significantly up-regulated (P<0.001, P<0.05, P<0.01), and the content of INS and expression of INR in hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were significantly down-regulated in the model group compared with the control group (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05). Following the treatment, the increased FPG, 2 h PG, GC, and the decreased INS and INR expression of hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues were apparently reversed in the taVNS group relevant to the model group (P<0.001, P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the tnVNS group, the FPG and 2 h PG contents were considerable decreased, and the content of INS and INR expression of hypothalamus and liver were obviously increased in the taVNS group (P<0.001, P<0.05, P<0.01).
CONCLUSION: taVNS can improve the blood glucose and insulin sensitivity in IGT rats, which may contribute to its effectiveness in up-regulating the expression of INR in hypothalamus, liver and skeletal muscle tissues.

PMID: 33269831 [PubMed – in process]

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2020 Nov 25;45(11):882-7

Authors: Zhang Y, Li SY, Wang JY, Zhai X, Zhang ZX, Rong PJ

 

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