EEG spectro-temporal amplitude modulation

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fNIRS

EEG spectro-temporal amplitude modulation as a measurement of cortical hemodynamics: an EEG-fNIRS study.

Abstract
Neurovascular coupling provides valuable descriptive information about neural function and communication. In this work, we propose to objectively characterize EEG sub-band modulation in an attempt to compare with local variations of fNIRS hemoglobin concentration. First, full-band EEG signals are decomposed into five well-known frequency sub-bands: delta, theta, alpha, beta, and gamma. The temporal amplitude envelope of each sub-band is then computed via Hilbert transformation. The proposed EEG ‘spectro-temporal amplitude modulation’ (EEG-AM) feature measures the rate at which each sub-band is modulated. Similarities between EEG-AM features and fNIRS hemoglobin concentration are computed for four neighboring channels over the occipital area during resting-state. Experiments with a database of 29 participants show statistically significant similarities between the total hemoglobin concentration and the alpha band modulating the alpha, beta, and gamma frequencies. These results support the idea that the EEG-AM can carry hemodynamic properties.Clinical relevance- This shows that the EEG spectro-temporal amplitude modulation present similarities with the hemoglobin concentration in co-placed channels.

PMID: 33018753 [PubMed – in process]

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2020 Jul;2020:3481-3484

Authors: Trambaiolli LR, Cassani R, Falk TH

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