Brain Stimulation for Improving Sleep and Memory.
Given the critical role of sleep, particularly sleep slow oscillations, sleep spindles, and hippocampal sharp wave ripples, in memory consolidation, sleep enhancement represents a key opportunity to improve cognitive performance. Techniques such as transcranial electrical and magnetic stimulation and acoustic stimulation can enhance slow oscillations and sleep spindles and potentially improve memory. Targeted memory reactivation in sleep may enhance or stabilize memory consolidation. Each technique has technical considerations that may limit its broader clinical application. Therefore, neurostimulation to enhance sleep quality, in particular sleep slow oscillations, has the potential for improving sleep-related memory consolidation in healthy and clinical populations.
PMID: 32005347 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Sleep Med Clin. 2020 Mar;15(1):101-115
Authors: Malkani RG, Zee PC