Contribution of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation

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Contribution of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex activation, ankle muscle activities, and coactivation during dual-tasks to postural steadiness: a pilot study.

Abstract
[Purpose] To examine the influence of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) activation, ankle muscle activities, and coactivation on postural steadiness during dual-tasks. [Participants and Methods] A total of 14 participants (8 males, 6 females) were included. The participants stood straight on the force plate, and performed 3 different tasks: 1) a quiet standing (single-task), 2) a repetition of a number (dual-task 1: DT1), and 3) a serial subtraction (dual-task 2: DT2). We divided the participants into 2 groups (S and L group) according to whether their center of pressure paths in the dual-tasks were shorter or longer than those in the single-task. The EMG activity of the gastrocnemius lateralis and tibialis anterior were measured; the oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) level in the DLPFC were measured using fNIRS. [Results] The results revealed that oxy-Hb in the left DLPFC increased significantly in all participants during DT2 compared to a single-task. Further, we found that the S group exhibited a higher rate of tibialis anterior activity and ankle muscle coactivation than the L group during DT2. [Conclusion] We concluded that the increase of the DLPFC activation varied with the dual-tasks; moreover, younger individuals modulate their standing posture using different strategies for posture steadiness during posture-calculating task.

PMID: 32753789 [PubMed]

J Phys Ther Sci. 2020 Jul;32(7):467-472

Authors: Fujita N, Kunimune S, Okada S

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