Effects of stimulating the supplementary motor area with a transcranial alternating current for bimanual movement performance.
Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) can regulate the frequency of neuronal activity in the cerebral cortex. Beta (β) activity in the supplementary motor area (SMA) is involved in motor planning and maintenance while gamma (γ) activity is involved in updating motor plans. We investigated the effect of tACS in the β- and γ-bands (β-tACS and γ- tACS) applied to the SMA on bimanual movement performance. This study included 32 right-handed healthy participants performing a Purdue Pegboard Test (PPT) during the administration of either β-tACS (20 Hz), γ-tACS (80 Hz), or sham stimulation over the SMA. Each participant performed nine PPT trials during each stimulation condition. The linear approximation of the number of parts and their differences for the 9 trials performed by each participant was calculated. A significant positive correlation was found between the difference from linear approximation for the β-tACS condition and the intercept of the linear approximation (p = 0.007, Pearson’s r = 0.464), and significant negative correlation was found for the γ-tACS condition (p = 0.012, Pearson’s r = -0.438). In the low-performance subgroup, the mean values of the difference from linear approximation under the γ-tACS condition was significantly larger than that under the β-tACS condition (p = 0.048). These results were opposite for the high-performance subgroup (p = 0.002) and sham group (p = 0.014). We demonstrated that the effect of tACS over the SMA depended on the stimulus frequency and the participant’s motor performance and may modulate the maintenance and updating of motor plans.
PMID: 32652107 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Behav Brain Res. 2020 Jul 08;:112801
Authors: Miyaguchi S, Inukai Y, Takahashi R, Miyashita M, Matsumoto Y, Otsuru N, Onishi H