fNIRS for the measurement of brain hemodynamic responses.

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Design of a wearable four-channel near-infrared spectroscopy system for the measurement of brain hemodynamic responses.

Abstract
Objectives This work describes the design and development of a four-channel near-infrared spectroscopy system to detect the oxygenated and deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration changes in the brain during various motor tasks. Methods The system uses light-emitting diodes corresponding to two wavelengths of 760 nm and 850 nm sensitive to deoxygenated and oxygenated hemoglobin concentration changes, respectively. The response is detected using a photodetector with an integrated transimpedance amplifier. The system is designed with four channels for functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) signals acquisition. Two experiments were conducted to demonstrate the ability of the system to detect the changes in hemodynamic responses of different tasks. In the first experiment, the hemodynamic changes during motor execution and imagery of right- and left-fist clenching tasks were acquired by the developed system and validated against a standard multichannel NIRS system. In another experiment, the fNIRS signals during rest and motor execution of right-fist clenching task were acquired using the system and classified. Results The results demonstrate the ability of the designed system to detect the brain hemodynamic changes during various tasks. Also, the activation patterns obtained by the developed system with a minimum number of channels are on par with those obtained by the commercial system. Conclusions The developed four-channel NIRS system is user-friendly and has been designed with inexpensive components, unlike the commercially available NIRS instruments that are cumbersome and expensive.

PMID: 32649290 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Biomed Tech (Berl). 2020 Jul 10;:

Authors: Arivudaiyanambi J, Mohan S, Cherian SM, Natesan K

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