Frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry

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Frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry: intersubject variability and dependence on systemic physiology, season, and time of day.

Abstract
Significance: Our study reveals that frontal cerebral oxygenation asymmetry (FCOA), i.e. a difference in the oxygenation between the right and left prefrontal cortex (PFC), is a real phenomenon in healthy human subjects at rest. Aim: To investigate FCOA, we performed a study with 134 healthy right-handed subjects with the systemic physiology augmented functional near infrared spectroscopy (SPA-fNIRS) approach. Approach: Subjects were measured 2 to 4 times on different days resulting in an unprecedented number of 518 single measurements of the absolute values of tissue oxygen saturation ( StO 2 ) and total hemoglobin concentration ([tHb]) of the right and left PFC. Measurements were performed with frequency-domain functional near-infrared spectroscopy. In addition, the cardiorespiratory parameters were measured simultaneously. Results: We found that (i) subjects showed an FCOA (higher StO 2 on the right PFC), but not for tHb; (ii) intrasubject variability was excellent for both StO 2 and tHb, and fair for FCOA; (iii)  StO 2 correlated significantly with blood CO 2 concentration, [tHb] with heart rate, respiration rate (RR), and the pulse-respiration quotient (PRQ), and FCOA with RR and PRQ; (iv) FCOA and StO 2 were dependent on season and time of day, respectively; (v) FCOA was negatively correlated with the room temperature; and (vi)  StO 2 and tHb were not correlated with the subjects mood but with their chronotype, whereas FCOA was not dependent on the chronotype. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that FCOA is real, and it provides unique insights into this remarkable phenomenon.

PMID: 32607390 [PubMed]

Neurophotonics. 2020 Apr;7(2):025006

Authors: Zohdi H, Scholkmann F, Wolf U

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