Convolutional neural network for stress assessment by fNIRS

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Proposing a convolutional neural network for stress assessment by means of derived heart rate from functional near infrared spectroscopy.

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Stress is known as one of the major factors threatening human health. A large number of studies have been performed in order to either assess or relieve stress by analyzing the brain and heart-related signals.
METHOD: In this study, a method based on the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) approach is proposed to assess stress induced by the Montreal Imaging Stress Task. The proposed model is trained on the heart rate signal derived from functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS), which is referred to as HRF. In this regard, fNIRS signals of 20 healthy volunteers were recorded using a configuration of 23 channels located on the prefrontal cortex. The proposed deep learning system consists of two main parts where in the first part, the one-dimensional convolutional neural network is employed to build informative activation maps, and then in the second part, a stack of deep fully connected layers is used to predict the stress existence probability. Thereafter, the employed CNN method is compared with the Dense Neural Network, Support Vector Machine, and Random Forest regarding various classification metrics.
RESULTS: Results clearly showed the superiority of CNN over all other methods. Additionally, the trained HRF model significantly outperforms the model trained on the filtered fNIRS signals, where the HRF model could achieve 98.69 ± 0.45% accuracy, which is 10.09% greater than the accuracy obtained by the fNIRS model.
CONCLUSIONS: Employment of the proposed deep learning system trained on the HRF measurements leads to higher stress classification accuracy than the accuracy reported in the existing studies where the same experimental procedure has been done. Besides, the proposed method suggests better stability with lower variation in prediction. Furthermore, its low computational cost opens up the possibility to be applied in real-time monitoring of stress assessment.

PMID: 32568682 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Comput Biol Med. 2020 Jun;121:103810

Authors: Hakimi N, Jodeiri A, Mirbagheri M, Setarehdan SK

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