Locations for noninvasive brain stimulation in treating depressive disorders: A combination of meta-analysis and resting-state functional connectivity analysis.
OBJECTIVE: Many noninvasive brain stimulation techniques have been applied to treat depressive disorders. However, the target brain region in most noninvasive brain stimulation studies is the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Exploring new stimulation locations may improve the efficacy of noninvasive brain stimulation for depressive disorders. We aimed to explore potential noninvasive brain stimulation locations for depressive disorders through a meta-analysis and a functional connectivity approach.
METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 395 functional magnetic resonance imaging studies to identify depressive disorder-associated brain regions as regions of interest. Then, we ran resting-state functional connectivity analysis with three different pipelines in 40 depression patients to find brain surface regions correlated with these regions of interest. The 10-20 system coordinates corresponding to these brain surface regions were considered as potential locations for noninvasive brain stimulation.
RESULTS: The 10-20 system coordinates corresponding to the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, bilateral inferior frontal gyrus, medial prefrontal cortex, supplementary motor area, bilateral supramarginal gyrus, bilateral primary motor cortex, bilateral operculum, left angular gyrus and right middle temporal gyrus were identified as potential locations for noninvasive brain stimulation in depressive disorders. The coordinates were: posterior to F3, posterior to F4, superior to F3, posterior to F7, anterior to C4, P3, midpoint of F7-T3, posterior to F8, anterior to C3, midpoint of Fz-Cz, midpoint of Fz-Fp1, anterior to T4, midpoint of C3-P3, and anterior to C4.
CONCLUSION: Our study identified several potential noninvasive brain stimulation locations for depressive disorders, which may serve as a basis for future clinical investigations.
PMID: 32419470 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2020 May 18;:4867420920372
Authors: Zhang B, Liu J, Bao T, Wilson G, Park J, Zhao B, Kong