fNIRS for the Classification of Motor-Related Brain Activity

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Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for the Classification of Motor-Related Brain Activity on the Sensor-Level.

Abstract
Sensor-level human brain activity is studied during real and imaginary motor execution using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Blood oxygenation and deoxygenation spatial dynamics exhibit pronounced hemispheric lateralization when performing motor tasks with the left and right hands. This fact allowed us to reveal biomarkers of hemodynamical response of the motor cortex on the motor execution, and use them for designing a sensing method for classification of the type of movement. The recognition accuracy of real movements is close to 100%, while the classification accuracy of imaginary movements is lower but quite high (at the level of 90%). The advantage of the proposed method is its ability to classify real and imaginary movements with sufficiently high efficiency without the need for recalculating parameters. The proposed system can serve as a sensor of motor activity to be used for neurorehabilitation after severe brain injuries, including traumas and strokes.

PMID: 32326270 [PubMed – in process]

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Apr 21;20(8):

Authors: Hramov AE, Grubov V, Badarin A, Maksimenko VA, Pisarchik AN

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