tDCS on the face inversion effect and the N170 ERPs component.

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Testing the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the face inversion effect and the N170 event-related potentials (ERPs) component.

Abstract
The following study investigates the effects of tDCS on face recognition skills indexed by the face inversion effect (better recognition performance for upright vs. inverted faces). We combined tDCS and EEG simultaneously to examine the effects of tDCS on the face inversion effect behaviourally and on the N170 ERPs component. The results from two experiments (overall N = 112) show that anodal tDCS delivered at Fp3 site for 10 min at 1.5 mA (double-blind and between-subjects) can reduce behaviourally the face inversion effect compared to sham (control) stimulation. The ERP results provide some evidence for tDCS being able to influence the face inversion effect on the N170. Specifically, we find a dissociation of the tDCS-induced effects where for the N170 latencies the tDCS reduces the usual face inversion effect (delayed N170 in response to inverted vs. upright faces) compared to sham. Contrarily, the same tDCS procedure on the same participants increased the inversion effect seen in the N170 amplitudes by making the negative deflection for the inverted faces that much greater than that for upright faces. We interpret our results in the context of the literature on the face inversion effect and the N170 peak component. In doing so, we extend our results to previous studies investigating the effects of tDCS on perceptual learning and face recognition.

PMID: 32315696 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Neuropsychologia. 2020 Apr 18;:107470

Authors: Civile C, Waguri E, Quaglia S, Wooster B, Curtis A, McLaren R, Lavric A, McLaren IPL

 

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