Modelling acute and lasting effects of tDCS on epileptic activity.
Transcranial Direct brain stimulation ( tDCS) is commonly used in order to modulate cortical networks activity during physiological processes through the application of weak electrical fields with scalp electrodes. Cathodal stimulation has been shown to decrease brain excitability in the context of epilepsy, with variable success. However, the cellular mechanisms responsible for the acute and the long-lasting effect of tDCS remain elusive. Using a novel approach of computational modeling that combines detailed but functionally integrated neurons we built a physiologically-based thalamocortical column. This model comprises 10,000 individual neurons made of pyramidal cells, and 3 types of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) -ergic cells (VIP, PV, and SST) respecting the anatomy, layers, projection, connectivity and neurites orientation. Simulating realistic electric fields in term of intensity, main results showed that 1) tDCS effects are best explained by modulation of the presynaptic probability of release 2) tDCS affects the dynamic of cortical network only if a sufficient number of neurons are modulated 3)VIP GABAergic interneurons of the superficial layer of the cortex are especially affected by tDCS 4) Long lasting effect depends on glutamatergic synaptic plasticity.
PMID: 32307640 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
J Comput Neurosci. 2020 Apr 19;:
Authors: Denoyer Y, Merlet I, Wendling F, Benquet P