Event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli

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Action-associated modulation of visual event-related potentials evoked by abstract and ecological stimuli.

Abstract
This study investigated the influence of action-associated predictive processes on visual ERPs. In two experiments, we sought evidence for sensory attenuation (SA) indexed by ERP amplitude reductions for self-induced stimuli when compared to passive viewing of the same images. We assessed if SA is (a) present for both ecological and abstract stimuli (pictures depicting hands or checkerboards), (b) modulated by the degree of stimulus predictability (certain or uncertain action-effect contingencies), and (c) sensitive to laterality of hand movements (dominant or subdominant hand actions). We found reduced occipital responses in the early 77-90 ms time interval (C1 component), irrespective of stimulus type, predictability, or the laterality of hand movements. However, the subsequent P1 component was increased (rather than reduced) for all action-associated stimuli. In addition, this P1 effect was influenced by the degree of stimulus predictability for ecological stimuli only. Finally, the posterior N1 component was not modulated by self-initiated actions. Overall, our findings indicate that movement-related predictive processes attenuate early visual responses. Moreover, we propose that amplitude modulations in the P1 time range reflect the interaction between expectation-based SA and attention-associated amplitude enhancements. These results can have implications for assessing the influence of action-associated predictions on visual processing in psychiatric disorders characterized by aberrant sensory predictions and alterations in hemispheric asymmetry, such as schizophrenia.

PMID: 30230557 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Psychophysiology. 2019 02;56(2):e13289

Authors: Csifcsák G, Balla VR, Dalos VD, Kilencz T, Biró EM, Urbán G, Szalóki S

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