Induced Gamma-Band Activity during Actual and Imaginary Movements

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Induced Gamma-Band Activity during Actual and Imaginary Movements: EEG Analysis.

Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to record and analyze induced gamma-band activity (GBA) (30-60 Hz) in cerebral motor areas during imaginary movement and to compare it quantitatively with activity recorded in the same areas during actual movement using a simplified electroencephalogram (EEG). Brain activity (basal activity, imaginary motor task and actual motor task) is obtained from 12 healthy volunteer subjects using an EEG (Cz channel). GBA is analyzed using the mean power spectral density (PSD) value. Event-related synchronization (ERS) is calculated from the PSD values of the basal GBA (GBAb), the GBA of the imaginary movement (GBAim) and the GBA of the actual movement (GBAac). The mean GBAim and GBAac values for the right and left hands are significantly higher than the GBAb value (p = 0.007). No significant difference is detected between mean GBA values during the imaginary and actual movement (p = 0.242). The mean ERS values for the imaginary movement (ERSimM (%) = 23.52) and for the actual movement (ERSacM = 27.47) do not present any significant difference (p = 0.117). We demonstrated that ERS could provide a useful way of indirectly checking the function of neuronal motor circuits activated by voluntary movement, both imaginary and actual. These results, as a proof of concept, could be applied to physiology studies, brain-computer interfaces, and diagnosis of cognitive or motor pathologies.

PMID: 32168747 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Sensors (Basel). 2020 Mar 11;20(6):

Authors: Amo Usanos C, Boquete L, de Santiago L, Barea Navarro R, Cavaliere C

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