Analysis to Find the Optimal Locations for Brain Stimulation.

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Statistical Analysis to Find out the Optimal Locations for Non Invasive Brain Stimulation.

Abstract
Non-invasive brain electrical stimulation (NIBES) techniques are progressively used for modulation of neuronal membrane potentials, which alters cortical excitability. The neuronal activity depends on position of channel locations for electrodes and the amount and direction of injected weak current through the target neurons area. In the present paper hybrid near infrared spectroscopy and electroencephalogram (NIRS-EEG) open access dataset for brain computer interface (BCI) has been used to find the best locations for NIBES. The percentage oxygen saturation has been calculated with the help of provided NIRS experimental dataset of changes in concentration of oxy-hemoglobin (HbO2) and deoxy-hemoglobin (Hb) in thirty-six scalp site locations of twenty-eight healthy subjects. The variation in standard deviation have been calculated for given pre-processed EEG signals of thirty locations for same twenty-eight healthy subjects. The statistical one-way ANOVA method has been used to find out the best channels and locations which are having less variation in all motion artifacts. In this method, F value is calculated for these locations and those locations are selected which are significant at 99% confidence interval (P < 0.01). In this study, out of sixty-six locations sixteen best locations have been selected for non-invasive brain electrical stimulation. This pilot study has been used to find out the appropriate locations on the scalp sites to place the electrodes to provide weak direct current stimulation which are less affected by motion artifacts.

PMID: 32166505 [PubMed – in process]

J Med Syst. 2020 Mar 12;44(4):85

Authors: Sharma G, Chowdhury SR

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