Working memory enhancement with training and tDCS.

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Frontoparietal theta-gamma interactions track working memory enhancement with training and tDCS.

Neuroimage. 2020 Feb 07;:116615

Authors: Jones KT, Johnson EL, Berryhill ME

Abstract
Despite considerable interest in enhancing, preserving, and rehabilitating working memory (WM), efforts to elicit sustained behavioral improvements have been met with limited success. Here, we paired WM training with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to the frontoparietal network over four days. Active tDCS enhanced WM performance by modulating interactions between frontoparietal theta oscillations and gamma activity, as measured by pre- and post-training high-density electroencephalography (EEG). Increased phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) between the prefrontal stimulation site and temporo-parietal gamma activity explained behavioral improvements, and was most effective when gamma occurred near the prefrontal theta peak. These results demonstrate for the first time that tDCS-linked WM training elicits lasting changes in behavior by optimizing the oscillatory substrates of prefrontal control.

PMID: 32044440 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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