Schizophrenia diagnosis using innovative EEG feature-level fusion schemes.
Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2020 Jan 02;:
Authors: Goshvarpour A, Goshvarpour A
Electroencephalogram (EEG) has become a practical tool for monitoring and diagnosing pathological/psychological brain states. To date, an increasing number of investigations considered differences between brain dynamic of patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. However, insufficient studies have been performed to provide an intelligent and accurate system that detects the schizophrenia using EEG signals. This paper concerns this issue by providing new feature-level fusion algorithms. Firstly, we analyze EEG dynamics using three well-known nonlinear measures, including complexity (Cx), Higuchi fractal dimension (HFD), and Lyapunov exponents (Lya). Next, we propose some innovative feature-level fusion strategies to combine the information of these indices. We evaluate the effect of the classifier parameter (σ) adjustment and the cross-validation partitioning criteria on classification accuracy. The performance of EEG classification using combined features was compared with the non-combined attributes. Experimental results showed higher classification accuracy when feature-level features were utilized, compared to when each feature was used individually or all fed to the classifier simultaneously. Using the proposed algorithm, the classification accuracy increased up to 100%. These results establish the suggested framework as a superior scheme compared to the state-of-the-art EEG schizophrenia diagnosis tool.
PMID: 31898243 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]