Hemodynamic changes after rTMS

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Comparison of hemodynamic changes after repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the anatomical hand knob and hand motor hotspot: A functional near-infrared spectroscopy study.

BACKGROUND: Low-frequency rTMS can induce upregulation of excitability in the contralateral hemisphere by interhemispheric interaction.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of interhemispheric modulation on hemodynamic changes after applying low-frequency rTMS over the anatomical hand knob (HK) and the hand motor hotspot (hMHS) in the dominant motor cortex.
METHODS: Ten healthy right-handed participants without a history of neurological or psychiatric symptoms (five males; 29.8±2.8 years) participated in this single-blind, randomized, cross-over study. rTMS was applied under three conditions over the dominant (left) hemisphere for 20 minutes: 1) 1 Hz rTMS stimulation on the HK (HK-rTMS), 2) 1 Hz rTMS stimulation on the hMHS (hMHS-rTMS), and 3) sham stimulation (Sham-rTMS). For all participants, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was applied for measurement of cerebral oxyhemoglobin (oxyHb) and deoxyhemoglobin (deoxyHb) concentration over the non-dominant (right) hemisphere during a serial reaction time task (SRTT) with the non-dominant (left) hand before and after each condition.
RESULTS: The average coordinates of the hMHS (x = - 39.60 mm, y = - 17.11 mm, z = 66.40 mm) were anterior and lateral to the HK (x = - 36.72 mm, y = - 28.87 mm, z = 56.41 mm). In fNIRS time-series analysis, the integral value of oxyHb wassignificantly increased over the motor cortical region of the non-dominant hemisphere after the hMHS-rTMS compared with Sham-rTMS. The HK-rTMS also showed slight increment of oxyHb concentration but without statistical significance. The SPM group analysis showed greater magnitude of the activity in hMHS-rTMS than that of HK-rTMS after stimulation (p <  0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated an interhemispheric modulation effect of hemodynamic changes by 1 Hz rTMS. The hMHS produced a more robust modulation effect of 1 Hz rTMS on the contralateral hemisphere than did the HK. Therefore, the rTMS can be considered a better stimulation target than the HK.

PMID: 33285650 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2020 Nov 28;:

Authors: Kim J, Kim H, Lee J, Lee HJ, Na Y, Chang WH, Kim YH